from the good-move dept
The DHS has come out against internet voting. Sort of.
If there’s anything less secure than electronic voting, it’s internet voting. The temptation is to provide voters with more options if the pandemic continues to keep voters home. But guidelines from the DHS’s redundantly-named Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) say this risks the integrity of those votes by opening them up to attackers.
The eight-page document, obtained by the Guardian, pulls no punches in calling the casting of ballots over the internet a “high-risk” endeavor that would allow attackers to alter votes and results “at scale” and compromise the integrity of elections. The guidelines advise states to avoid it altogether or restrict it to voters who have no other means of casting a ballot.
No state is currently offering online-only voting, but the option used to collect votes from US citizens overseas is still pretty risky. The DHS doesn’t consider the electronic delivery of ballots to be inherently insecure, but CISA’s report points out attackers could intercept ballots en route and alter them by removing candidates’ names, for example. Returning them electronically obviously poses the same risks: interception and alteration.
The worst option is the one no state has been willing to deploy… yet: online voting. The report says this method poses the highest risk of attack. Putting the whole thing online could compromise the security of the vote and voters, remove the secrecy that surrounds the public voting process, and potentially lead to wide-scale alteration or destruction of votes.
The only thing surprising about the DHS’s guidance is that it exists at all. While concerns continue to mount about election security, the DHS has remained mostly silent, allowing the private sector and local governments to address these issues in their own way. This silence has continued despite the host of issues raised during the 2016 presidential elections. This is making some election integrity experts happy.
“Clear, explicit guidance from DHS that internet voting is not secure or trustworthy is long, long overdue,” says Susan Greenhalgh, the senior adviser on election security for the watchdog group Free Speech For People. “It has failed for four years to codify and publish that guidance in an effort to avoid antagonizing some state officials.”
But, as the Guardian points out, the DHS has not officially broken its silence about election security issues. The document obtained by the Guardian was not publicly released by the DHS. The document can’t be found on CISA’s site and no DHS official has commented on the document itself. So, while it’s good guidance that brings common sense to internet-based voting, it doesn’t appear to reflect the public face of the DHS’s election security efforts.
Hopefully, this guidance has at least made its way to state governments even if the general public hasn’t been entrusted with it. The guidelines will make electronic collection of voter information and votes slightly more secure and dissuade those unprepared to follow these steps from opting for riskier voting methods while dealing with the unforeseeable complications of a global pandemic.